First you’ll need to generate your local public key. This is the public end of a local public / private pair that you’ll share with the remote machine to identify you.
This guide was written for CentOS / RHEL with caveats for Ubuntu.
ssh-keygen -t rsa (on your local machine)
NB> For Ubuntu you don’t need to specify the -t
Second you’ll need to copy this key to the remote machine using a command such as:
scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub firstname.lastname@example.org:
Lastly, log into the remote machine via ssh (using your password for the last time!) and use this command to add the newly generated key to the list of authenticated keys:
cat id_dsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys
You’ll also probably want to delete the original key as well.
Finally, change file permissions on this file to 600.
chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys
NB> For Ubuntu you will have to change the .ssh directory permissions to 700.
chmod 700 ~/.ssh